Che si rida, e che si beva, questo brindisi è mio, nessuno me lo leva (Carlo Goldoni)
Drinking in honor of someone has very ancient origins; already in ancient Greece and ancient Rome it was drank in honor of the gods and there are references to drinking for some even in the Homeric poems. This gesture is practiced all over the world and every country has its traditions, its beliefs and its accompanying gestures!
In Italy during the dinner the landlord gives way to toast, the glasses rise and do not have to touch each other. On other occasions we use to toast raising the glasses and bringing them closer. Even this case glasses should not be touched, there is in fact the belief that bad luck, as there is the belief that bad luck to drink with something non-alcoholic.
But there are those who can take offense if the glasses touch each other; in fact, in Hungary, during the toast, the glasses must only get closer!
In America it is tradition to start a meal with a toast from the host. When the guests’ glasses are full, it is considered polite to wait for the landlord to finish the toast and take the first sip before starting to drink after a round of applause. The label in some cultures also requires that it is necessary to maintain eye contact with the guest for the duration of their toast.
In China if you drink between two people, the youngest must keep the glass lower than the oldest, in a sign of respect. during a dinner the toast is all standing up and you have to finish all the contents of the glass! After drinking, the glass turns upside down to show that nothing is left!
In Japan, however, the glasses that are filled first are those of the guests, only later it fills that of the landlord.
Ireland, the homeland of beer, is used strictly in pubs during drinks in the company that each participant offers the next round of drinking!
We conclude with Spain, very similar to Italy, which believes it brings bad luck to toast with something non-alcoholic, so if you are in that part, do not take water, but a good glass of wine and toast.
..Toast for a person, toast to yours or for an event, every reason is good to celebrate in company!
Yung sing, gan bei, gānbēi